Reaction: ATP + urea + HCO3- = ADP + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate
Other name(s): urease (ATP-hydrolysing); urea carboxylase (hydrolysing); ATPurea amidolyase; urea amido-lyase; UALase
Systematic name: urea:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)
Comments: A biotinyl-protein. The yeast enzyme (but not that from green algae) also catalyses the reaction of EC 126.96.36.199 allophanate hydrolase, thus bringing about the hydrolysis of urea to CO2 and NH3. Previously also listed as EC 188.8.131.52. The enzyme from the prokaryotic bacterium Oleomonas sagaranensis can also use acetamide and formamide as substrates .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 9058-98-4
1. Roon, R.J. and Levenberg, B. ATP-Urea amidolyase (ADP) (Candida utilis). Methods Enzymol. 17A (1970) 317-324.
2. Roon, R.J. and Levenberg, B. Urea amidolyase. I. Properties of the enzyme from Candida utilis. J. Biol. Chem. 247 (1972) 4107-4113. [PMID: 4556303]
3. Sumrada, R.A. and Cooper, T.G. Urea carboxylase and allophanate hydrolase are components of a multifunctional protein in yeast. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 9119-9127. [PMID: 6124544]
4. Kanamori, T., Kanou, N., Atomi, H. and Imanaka, T. Enzymatic characterization of a prokaryotic urea carboxylase. J. Bacteriol. 186 (2004) 2532-2539. [PMID: 15090492]