Reaction: acetyl-CoA + enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N6-(S-acetyldihydrolipoyl)lysine
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: dihydrolipoyl group
Other name(s): acetyl-CoA:dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoate acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoic transacetylase; dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase; lipoate acetyltransferase; lipoate transacetylase; lipoic acetyltransferase; lipoic acid acetyltransferase; lipoic transacetylase; lipoylacetyltransferase; thioltransacetylase A; transacetylase X
Systematic name: acetyl-CoA:enzyme-N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-acetyltransferase
Comments: A multimer (24-mer or 60-mer, depending on the source) of this enzyme forms the core of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex, and binds tightly both EC 220.127.116.11, pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) and EC 18.104.22.168, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase. The lipoyl group of this enzyme is reductively acetylated by EC 22.214.171.124, and the only observed direction catalysed by EC 126.96.36.199 is that where the acetyl group is passed to coenzyme A.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9032-29-5
1. Brady, R.O. and Stadtman, E.R. Enzymatic thioltransacetylation. J. Biol. Chem. 211 (1954) 621-629.
2. Gunsalus, I.C. Group transfer and acyl-generating functions of lipoic acid derivatives. In: McElroy, W.D. and Glass, B. (Eds.), A Symposium on the Mechanism of Enzyme Action Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1954, pp. 545-480.
3. Gunsalus, I.C., Barton, L.S. and Gruber, W. Biosynthesis and structure of lipoic acid derivatives. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78 (1956) 1763-1766.
4. Perham, R.N. Swinging arms and swinging domains in multifunctional enzymes: catalytic machines for multistep reactions. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 69 (2000) 961-1004. [PMID: 10966480]