Reaction: L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + NAD+ + H2O = L-glutamate + NADH + H+
For diagram of reaction click here.
Glossary: L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde = L-glutamate γ-semialdehyde = (S)-2-amino-5-oxopentanoate
Other name(s): 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase; Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase; 1-pyrroline dehydrogenase; pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase; pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase; L-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-NAD+ oxidoreductase; 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase; Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase
Systematic name: L-glutamate γ-semialdehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the irreversible oxidation of glutamate-γ-semialdehyde to glutamate as part of the proline degradation pathway. (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate, the product of the first enzyme of the pathway (EC 22.214.171.124, proline dehydrogenase) is in spontaneous equilibrium with its tautomer L-glutamate γ-semialdehyde. In many bacterial species, both activities are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme [3,4].The enzyme can also oxidize other 1-pyrrolines, e.g. 3-hydroxy-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate is converted into 4-hydroxyglutamate and (R)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate is converted into D-glutamate. NADP+ can also act as acceptor, but with lower activity .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG Metacyc, CAS registry number: 9054-82-4
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2. Strecker, H.J. The interconversion of glutamic acid and proline. III. Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid dehydrogenase. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 3218-3223.
3. Forlani, G., Scainelli, D. and Nielsen, E. Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase from cultured cells of potato (purification and properties). Plant Physiol. 113 (1997) 1413-1418. [PMID: 12223682]
4. Brown, E.D. and Wood, J.M. Redesigned purification yields a fully functional PutA protein dimer from Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 267 (1992) 13086-13092. [PMID: 1618807]
5. Inagaki, E., Ohshima, N., Sakamoto, K., Babayeva, N.D., Kato, H., Yokoyama, S. and Tahirov, T.H. New insights into the binding mode of coenzymes: structure of Thermus thermophilus Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase complexed with NADP+. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 63 (2007) 462-465. [PMID: 17554163]