Reaction: 2,4-dinitrotoluene + NADH + O2 = 4-methyl-5-nitrocatechol + nitrite + NAD+
Other name(s): dntA (gene name)
Systematic name: 2,4-dinitrotoluene,NADH:oxygen oxidoreductase (4,5-hydroxylating, nitrite-releasing)
Comments: This enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Burkholderia sp. strain DNT, is a member of the naphthalene family of bacterial Rieske non-heme iron dioxygenases. It comprises a multicomponent system, containing a Rieske [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin, an NADH-dependent flavoprotein reductase (EC 184.108.40.206, ferredoxinNAD+ reductase), and an α3β3 oxygenase. The enzyme forms a cis-dihydroxylated product that spontaneously rearranges to form a catechol with accompanying release of nitrite. It does not act on nitrobenzene. cf. EC 220.127.116.11, nitroarene dioxygenase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Suen, W.C., Haigler, B.E. and Spain, J.C. 2,4-Dinitrotoluene dioxygenase from Burkholderia sp. strain DNT: similarity to naphthalene dioxygenase. J. Bacteriol. 178 (1996) 4926-4934. [PMID: 8759857]