IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 1.14.11.31

Accepted name: thebaine 6-O-demethylase

Reaction: thebaine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = neopinone + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2

Other name(s): T6ODM

Systematic name: thebaine,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (6-O-demethylating)

Comments: Requires Fe2+. Catalyses a step in morphine biosynthesis. The product neopinione spontaneously rearranges to the more stable codeinone. The enzyme also catalyses the 6-O-demethylation of oripavine to morphinone, with lower efficiency.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Hagel, J.M. and Facchini, P.J. Dioxygenases catalyze the O-demethylation steps of morphine biosynthesis in opium poppy. Nat. Chem. Biol. 6 (2010) 273-275. [PMID: 20228795]

[EC 1.14.11.31 created 2010]


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