Reaction: L-arabinose + NAD(P)+ = L-arabinono-1,4-lactone + NAD(P)H + H+
Other name(s): L-arabino-aldose dehydrogenase
Systematic name: L-arabinose:NAD+ 1-oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzymes from the bacterium Azospirillum brasilense and the archaeon Haloferax volcanii are part of the L-arabinose degradation pathway and prefer NADP+ over NAD+. In vitro the enzyme from Azospirillum brasilense shows also high catalytic efficiency with D-galactose.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Novick, N.J. and Tyler, M.E. Partial purification and properties of an L-arabinose dehydrogenase from Azospirillum brasilense. Can. J. Microbiol. 29 (1983) 242-246.
2. Watanabe, S., Kodaki, T. and Makino, K. Cloning, expression, and characterization of bacterial L-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase involved in an alternative pathway of L-arabinose metabolism. J. Biol. Chem. 281 (2006) 2612-2623. [PMID: 16326697]
3. Johnsen, U., Sutter, J.M., Zaiss, H. and Schonheit, P. L-Arabinose degradation pathway in the haloarchaeon Haloferax volcanii involves a novel type of L-arabinose dehydrogenase. Extremophiles 17 (2013) 897-909. [PMID: 23949136]